Predictors of Hearing Loss in Premature Newborns

O.P. Melnichuk

Abstract


One of the most important problems of the perinatal period in premature infants is hearing disorder. Hearing test was performed in 1537 preterm infants with a gestational age of 22 to 36 weeks, they underwent medical treatment at the Kharkiv city perinatal center from 2009 to 2012. Newborn hearing screening was performed using the device OtoRead (Denmark). In the course of the research results of screening «test passed» was recorded in 893 preterm infants, representing 67.9 % of all children examined in primary screening. Result «test failed» was recorded in 388 children (30.3 % of the children in the primary screening). Children with screening result «test failed» binaural were 237 (18.5 % of patients), with screening result «test failed» in one ear — 151 (11.8 % of the surveyed during the primary screening). In the study of hearing in preterm infants with a gestational age less than 28 weeks we found the following: «test passed» — 6 (13.6 %) children, «test failed»: 31 (70.4 %) child — binaural and 7 (16 %) children — in one ear. The rate of hearing impairments in newborns with perinatal pathology is much higher than population-based indicators.


Keywords


newborns with perinatal pathology; hearing loss; otoacoustic emission

References


Пономарева Л.П., Ширина Н.С. Вызванная отоакустическая эмиссия в диагностике нарушений слуха у новорожденных // Педиатрия. — 2001. — № 3. — С. 100-102.

Гарбарук Е.С., Королева И.В. Аудиологический скрининг новорожденных. — СПб., 2009. — 125 с.

Барашнев Ю.И., Пономарева Л.П. Зрение и слух у новорожденных. — М.: Триада-Х, 2008. — С. 123-171.

Универсальный аудиологический скрининг новорожденных и детей первого года жизни: Методические рекомендации. — М., 2012. — 25 с.

Pereira P.K. Newborn hearing screening program: association between hearing loss and risk factors // Revista de atualizacao cientifica. — 2007 Sep-Dec. — 19(3). — 267.

Королева И.В. Кохлеарная имплантация и слуховая реабилитация глухих детей и взрослых. — СПб.: Каро, 2009. — 230 с.

Королева И.В. Диагностика и коррекция нарушений слуховой функции у детей раннего возраста. — СПб.: Каро, 2005. — 288 с.

Таварткиладзе Г.А. Методики эпидемиологического исследования нарушений слуха: Методические рекомендации. — М., 2006. — 25 с.

Ясинская А.А. Аудиологический скрининг у детей // Аудиоинфо. — 2006, ноябрь. — № 5. — С. 22-25.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0551.3.46.2013.88787

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 CHILD`S HEALTH

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

© Publishing House Zaslavsky, 1997-2017

 

 Яндекс.МетрикаSeo анализ сайта Рейтинг@Mail.ru