Epidemiological Study of Smoking Prevalence among Teenagers

A.A. Fialkovskaia

Abstract


Aim of the study was to clarify the prevalence and status of smoking among today’s teenagers according to the survey. Materials and methods. There was carried out the study of the prevalence of smoking among adolescents in the Dnipro (n = 2299 individuals). Results. According to the results of the survey, there were 20.8 % active smokers among adolescents, among them 89.1 % adolescents smoked every day, including 24.9 % boys and 14.6 % girls. On average, adolescents begin smoking regularly at the age of 14.4 ± 0.1 year. The average length of smoking in adolescents was to 3.4 ± 0.1. The average number of cigarettes adolescents smoked per day made up of 9.1 ± 0.3 units. Studying the type of tobacco products 48.6 % of adolescents were found to smoke light cigarettes. The average index of smoker was 109.1 ± 3.3 and was significantly higher in boys (125.5 ± 4.9) than in girls (91.9 ± 4.0) (p < 0.001). Study of the motivation to quit smoking found that only 20.3 % of teenagers are highly motivated to quit, whereas about 31.7 % of adolescents have no motivation to quit smoking. Conclusions. The study showed that the problem of tobacco use remains highly relevant: in the city every fifth teenager smokes. The findings necessitate widespread introduction of antismoking programs among adolescents, which should be directed first to reduce the intensity of smoking and increase motivation to quit smoking, promote healthy lifestyles, as well as thorough clinical examination of adolescent smokers with the aim of identifying risk groups for the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.


Keywords


adolescents; status of smoking

References


Parkhomenko LK, Leshchenko AV. 2012. Medical and social aspects of tobacco smoking in adolescents. Sovremennaya pediatriya. 7 (47): 215-218. (In Ukrainian).

Balakireva OM, Bondar TV, Galich UP. Prevalence and trends of tobacco consumption, alcoholic beverages, narcotic substances among students of Ukraine: 2011. Ukrainian institute for Social Research after Oleksandr Yaremenko. 2011. 176 р. (In Ukrainian).

Dobrianskaya OV. World tendensies of prevalence of tobacco smoking among the adolescents. Gіgієna naselenih mіsc'. 2013; 62:274-281. (In Ukrainian).

Batozhargalova BT. Tobacco smoking among the adolescents. Zemskij vrach. 2012; 5:28-34. (In Russian).

The state statistics service of Ukraine. Available from: http://ukrstat.gov.ua/druk/publicat/kat_u/2016/zb/03/Zb_snsz15pdf.zip. Accessed: March, 10, 2016. (In Ukrainian).

Krasovsky KS, Grygorenko AA, Andreeva TI. Dynamics of tobacco smoking prevalence among children and adolescents in Ukraine. Ukraїna. Zdorov’ya nacії. 2013; 1(25):85-90. (In Ukrainian).

Latina GO. Features dissemination of tobacco smoking among schoolchildren’s of 11-16years. Gіgієna naselenih mіsc'. 2012; 60:293-298. (In Ukrainian).

Ostrovskiy MM, Varunkiv OI. Influence of smoking on the organs of breathing. Prikarpats'kij vіsnik NTSh. Pul's. 2012; 4(20):55-66. (In Ukrainian).

Ilkovich MM, Kuzubova NA, Kiseleva EA. Smoking cessation as the basis of prevention of COPD. Pul'monologiya. 2010; 2:37-39. (In Russian).

Skachkova MA, Nikitina OV, Chainikova IN, Karpova EG, Abubakirova AV, Tarasenko NF. Smoking as risk factor for development diseasesof the respiratory tract in children and teenagers. Orenburgskij medicinskij vestnik. 2015; 2(10):35-38. (In Russian).

Ignatova GL, Zaharova IA, Drozdov IV. Results of survey respondents outpatient young to early detection chronic bronchitis. Vestnik sovremennoj klinicheskoj mediciny. 2014; 1:35-38. (In Russian).

Katashinskaia LI, Gubanova LV. The influence of smoking on the functional status of the respiratory system. Vestnik Tyumenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2014; 6:171-7. (In Russian).

Mokina NA. Assessment of smoking prevalence and status among students of senior courses of medico-prophylactic and therapeutic faculties of Samara state medical university. Pul'monologiya. 2012;3:55-58. (In Russian).

Chuchalin AG, Khaltaev NG, Abrosimov VN, Kotlyarov SN, Martynov AV. Evaluation of prevalence of respiratory symptoms and opportunities of spirometric screening for diagnosis of chronic pulmonary diseases. Pul'monologiya. 2010; 2:56-61. (In Russian).

The World Health Organization. Newsletter of the WHO № 315. – 2015. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs339/ru. Accessed: March, 2015. (In Russian).

Global survey of adults about tobacco use (GATS). 2010:1-164.

Chuchalin AG, Sacharova GM, Novikov KU. A practical guide to the treatment of tobacco dependence. 2001; 1-14. (In Russian).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0551.7.75.2016.86735

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 CHILD`S HEALTH

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

© Publishing House Zaslavsky, 1997-2017

 

 Яндекс.МетрикаSeo анализ сайта Рейтинг@Mail.ru