Features of Case Follow-up of Extremely Preterm Infants

О.S. Yablon, D.Yu. Vlasenko, D.P. Sergeta, К.T. Bertsun, О.V. Kharchuk, N.А. Shovkoplyas, Т.А. Vlasenko

Abstract


Objective. The study was conducted to analyze and improve the quality of case follow-up of children with birth weight < 1000 g and gestational age ≤ 28 weeks. Materials and Methods. The study group comprised 42 children, for whom case follow-up was conducted, which included control of disease rate, sensory functions, psychomotor and social-emotional development, comorbid conditions until at least 18 months of corrected age. The comparison group included 36 children with a standard observation. Results. The study showed a reduction in the incidence of postneonatal mortality by half, as well as decrease in the prevalence of cerebral palsy by 7.5 %. Qualitative clinical examination enables to detect timely abnormalities in sensory, motor, cognitive and socio-emotional development, to apply the techniques of early rehabilitation and to reduce disability in extremely premature infants.

Keywords


preterm infants; extremely low body weight; catamnesis; clinical examination; disability.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0551.6.57.2014.75722

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