DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0551.13.8.2018.154151

Antibiotic therapy of community-acquired pneumonia in children: comparison of international guidelines and current practice in Ukraine

S.L. Nyankovskyy, R.N. Furtak, M.S. Yatsula, I.Yu. Berezhna

Abstract


Background. Respiratory diseases are a serious medical and social problem in pediatrics. The aim of the study was to research the current scientific sources for the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in children, to conduct a comparative analysis of the recommendations of the leading countries on antibiotic therapy (ABT) of the community-acquired pneumonia and ABT principles in children with community-acquired pneumonia in Lviv. Materials and methods. We used content analysis, method of systemic and comparative analysis regarding ABT in children with community-acquired pneumonia as well as a retrospective analysis of medical records of children with community-acquired pneumonia. Results. We compared the guidelines of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society — Infectious Diseases Society of America (PIDS-IDSA), the British Thoracic Society (BTS) and the World Health Organization (WHO) on ABT of community-acquired pneumonia in children. WHO recommends ABT of non-severe community-acquired pneumonia for 5 days, and BTS recommendations do not indicate the duration of treatment. According to ­PIDS-IDSA experts, the 10-day ABT courses are best studied. According to all guidelines, oral administration of amoxicillin is a choice-therapy for outpatient cases. For inpatient incidences WHO re­commends treatment of ampicillin and gentamicin combination. BTS recommends oral antibiotic therapy of amoxicillin, and PIDS-IDSA suggests starting treatment with administration of ampicillin or penicillin G in the cases of a fully vaccinated child and III generation cephalosporin in case the child is not fully vaccinated. We analyzed 260 medical records of children with community-acquired pneumonia of the Pediatric Department 2 of Lviv City Children’s Clinical Hospital in 2017. Third generation cephalosporins were most often prescribed to children with pneumonia in the hospital. The average duration of antibiotic treatment was 7 days. Conclusions. Based on the analyzed sources, we can conclude that the question of the antibiotic therapy duration and sometimes the choice of antibacterial agent is quite controversial and requires further study.


Keywords


community-acquired pneumonia; children; antibacterial therapy

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