Efficiency of allergen specific immunotherapy in children with atopic dermatitis combined with the pathology of the upper gastrointestinal tract
Background. In the structure of dermatological morbidity, the specific weight of atopic dermatitis (AD) is up to 20.0 %. The severity of AD correlates with the lesion of the gastrointestinal tract. In the opinion of almost all immunology and allergology specialists, allergen specific immunotherapy (ASIT) is the only method that is able to influence all links of the pathological process. The purpose was to determine the effectiveness of the ASIT in children with atopic dermatitis combined with the pathology of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Materials and methods. The paper presents data of clinical observation, clinical laboratory and instrumental examination of 168 children aged 7 to 18 years with AD combined with chronic gastroduodenitis (CGD). A comparative evaluation of the different treatment options was carried out in 50 children: the main group of 25 children with AD and CGD who, along with the traditional therapy as a part of outpatient treatment, underwent ASIT according to the standard schedule during the year, the comparison group consisted of 25 children with combined pathology who received standard therapy. Results. Clinical symptoms in children with CGD combined with AD were characterized by the presence of leading syndromes: pain (98.8 ± 8.9 % of patients), dyspepsia (91.6 ± 11.2 % of persons), intoxication (79.1 ± 7.2 % of patients) and cutaneous (100 %). In the group of children receiving ASIT, the mean levels of the Scoring Atopic Dermatitis index decreased by 61.8 % three months after treatment, and one year after the treatment — by 42.6 %. The corresponding indices in the comparison group decreased by 41.3 and 24.9 %, respectively (р < 0.05). The use of comprehensive treatment in children with AD and CGD reduced by 27.8 % the period of pain relief, by 14.0 % — of dyspepsia and by 25.0 % — of asthenovegetative syndromes. It was found that the relative risk of disease recurrence will decrease by 0.48 times (c2 = 3.96, p < 0.05) when this therapy is included in the treatment regimen. Conclusions. The clinical study demonstrated the positive effect of comprehensive treatment with the inclusion of ASIT on the clinical course of AD combined with CGD. The proposed comprehensive therapy was more effective than traditional treatment even in long-term follow-up.
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