The drugs based on molecular structures of antimicrobial peptides and their therapeutic potential in the treatment of infectious diseases of the respiratory tract (part 2)

А.Е. Abaturov, Т.А. Kryuchko, G.O. Lezhenko


Currently in medical practice, the effectiveness of the use of antimicrobial peptides, such as derivatives of cathelicidin (omiganan), defensin mimetic (brilacidin), α-helical magainin (pexiganan), synthetic antimicrobial peptide mimetic (lithixar), has been demonstrated in the treatment of the local infectious process. However, the drugs of this group, which may be recommended for the treatment of pneumonia, are in the early stages of studies. Creation of new antimicrobial peptides with a high therapeutic index (bactericidal activity and toxicity ratio) and solution of the problem of their delivery to the lesion focus in the lung will allow the eradication of bacteria with multi-drug resistance in patients with infectious diseases, including the infections of the respiratory tract. This approach will open the post-antibiotic era in the wide practical activities of pediatricians, intensive care specialists, therapeutists and surgeons.


infectious diseases; antimicrobial peptides; defensins


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