Antihistamines in the treatment of allergic rhinitis in children

A.E. Abaturov, E.L. Krivusha, V.L. Babich

Abstract


The review of the literature provides current information about the clinical efficacy, safety and tolerability of the classic second-generation H1-antihistamine, desloratadine, in the treatment of allergic rhinitis in children. For writing the article, we used such databases, as Scopus, Web of Science, MedLine, PubMed, Google Scholar. A brief description of the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of desloratadine, which is a potent and selective inverse agonist for H1-receptors, with the longest half-life, does not penetrate the blood-brain barrier and does not have a sedative effect. Attention is focused on the ability of desloratadine not only to effectively inhibit histamine-associated clinical manifestations of allergic rhinitis, but also to inhibit the activity of the inflammatory process by decreasing the activity of transcription nuclear factor kappa B. Scientific studies demonstrate a high efficacy of desloratadine in the relief of clinical manifestations of allergic rhinitis in children and a good safety profile during its use.

Keywords


H1-antihistamines; desloratadine; allergic rhinitis; children; review

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0551.13.1.2018.127068

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